Abstract:This paper presents an analysis of selected operating parameters of a cyclone with a modified inlet. The modification consisted in an angular arrangement of an inlet channel wall. This can result – in view of previously conducted experiments – in a faster insertion of a dusty gas into a swirl motion, an improvement of particles separation process. The analysis was carried out using numeric CFD simulations. The results were compared to those obtained from simulations and lab-measurements for a cyclone with standard inlet.
Wiśniowska, Justyna, Witczak, Stanisław, Pietrzak, Marcin
Abstract:The paper presents the results of a study involving the impact of sudden change of crosssectional area on the flow patterns and local pressure drops for flow of multi-phase mixture. The experiment was conducted in the conditions of a horizontal and vertical flow through a measuring channel. Pressure drops calculated on the basis Kawahara and Lottes methods are compared with experimental data. A system of two interconnected pipes with internal diameters of 40 and 22 mm as well as 46 and 16 mm and a total length of 7 m formed the measurement channel. The experiments involved air, water and oil.
Abstract:The results of experimental studies confirm the suitability of non-freezing liquids for use as dust collecting liquids in equipment working at low temperatures. Based on the completed studies, the hypothesis regarding the impact of liquid viscosity on the effect of releasing the surface collecting the dust particles and, therefore, on the efficiency of the dust collection process cannot be clearly verified. Decreasing the efficiency of dust collection correlated with the increase of liquid viscosity is likely an effect of changing the conditions for the formation of liquid dust collectors.
Abstract:The study evaluated the impact of emissions (VOCs) as a result of the operation of the printing of plant at working positions of those performing their tasks outdoors or in buildings next door. The first part of the paper presents the general characteristics of the process and materials used for printing. The further part shows the results of the modelling of emissions, depending on the operating state of purification (emission in normal conditions and emission in failure state of the afterburner).
Abstract:The research on the influence of the initial moisture content of seeds, of the duration of IR drying, of temperature regime on the effect of stimulation and keeping the effect with time, was carried out. A mathematical model for the dynamics of heating a seed layer, taking into account the moisture evaporation, is developed. Paper presents experimental data on mass conductivity properties for a dried layer of seeds, the recommendations for process equipment design are given.
Abstract:The paper presents the results of experimental investigation of the hydrodynamics in unbaffled stirred vessel with eccentric Rushton turbine configuration. Basing on flow visualisation. the main flow features were determined. Laser Doppler Anemometry measurements provided radial and axial components of the mean flow velocity vectors. The obtained data of power consumption allowed to determine the impact of the impeller eccentricity ratio e/R on the power number Ne.
Abstract:The paper presents polymer-micellar aggregates as efficient drag reducers of the energy losses in straight pipe flow. A small amount of high molecular polymers: Polyethylene Oxide, Cetyltrimetyl Ammonium Bromide surfactant and Sodium Salicylate salt additives, are applied to obtain polymer-micellar aggregates formation. An analysis of how polymermicellar additives influence the shape and character of flow resistance curves has been performed. It is documented that for polymer-micellar solutions the stable transitional zone between, the laminar and the turbulent flows are extended toward higher values of the Reynolds number. Occurrence of the third turbulent zone of drag reduction is also observed.
Lipin, Andrey A., Lipin, Aleksandr G., Wójtowicz, Ryszard
Abstract:In the paper, the mathematical model of combined polymerisation and drying of polyacrylamide prepolymer is presented. It allows to predict the change of monomer conversion degree, polymer moisture content, the temperatures of gas and polymer in the dryer as well as dryer sizes. Using a developed model, values of technological parameters were established, providing faster polymerisation than in the case of drying.
Abstract:The paper presents an analysis of gaseous emissions arising from the operations of printing using a printing process hot offset rotary. The first part presents the general characteristics of the process and the paint used. The following part shows the results of modelling the emission of pollutants according to the efficiency of the cleaning system, as well as depending on other parameters influencing the dispersion process impurities.
Komorowicz, Tadeusz, Nering, Konrad, Walczak, Stanisław
Abstract:The paper presents a method for monitoring the flow conditions in pipelines in the case of transport of crystallising water slurries forming scale. The method’s core is the ability to calculate the equivalent pipeline diameter under varying flow conditions in industrial practice. The method was successfully tested in the laboratory and employed in an industrial plant.