Technical Transactions iss. 14. Architecture iss. 7-A

Technical Transactions iss. 14. Architecture iss. 7-A

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Collection items (33)


Technical and technological factors and social interaction as a priority in shaping modern university facilities

Winnicka-Jasłowska, Dorota
Article
2014
Present day universities are modern buildings accommodating new functions, facilitating social interactions, supporting learning by means of informal contacts and promoting interdisciplinary cooperation etc.

The use of glass curtain walls as partitions with fire resistance in residential buildings – case studies

Wesołowski, Łukasz
Article
2014
While analysing the available systems of glass curtain walls one can identify potential problems with their use as partitions with fire resistance. In most cases the metal support structure is made of aluminium. Due to its adhesive and separating interlayer made of plastic materials susceptible to the influence of temperature laminated glass, it does not work well in fire prevention. Manufacturers have products with the required parameters to use in fire partitions and qualified in terms of EI. Currently there are post and transom solutions available on the market which possess a certificate to use the whole system in EI60 fire rating. Internal spaces of posts and transoms in metal support structures are equipped with a filling: a reinforcement made of aluminium. Posts, transoms and thermal strips connecting the clamp strip with a support frame and faying surfaces integrating metal structure are subjected to special protection and safeguarding with thermo-expandable material. Additional protection allows for load-bearing parameters of up to one hour on the weakest link in the system. Producers of glass attest their products in classes from E15 to EI 180, so integrity and fire insulation lies within the aluminium support structure in the whole post and transom glass curtain wall system.The analysis of issues related to the use of glass curtain walls in residential buildings will determine the pattern of wall technology selection to the specific fire prevention requirements.

Technological aesthetics of modern facades

Tymkiewicz, Joanna
Article
2014
The beauty of modern architecture and especially its external image, is achieved by various means, but one can venture to say that real beauty is created only in accordance with the current state of technical knowledge. The author specifies elements which characterize contemporary facade solutions, namely: modern, ecological materials, energy-efficient systems of double glass facades, sun shading devices and multimedia technologies, creating desirable features of facades in the modern world, such as dynamics, movement and information transfer. The aesthetical impact of the elements listed above, as well as their utility functions and relationships with the creation of sustainable architecture, was traced on the example of the Museum of Modern Art Building in Bolzano. Remarks and conclusions contained in the paper are based on the research literature and the author’s own observations.

Design and assembling problems on the example of Denver’s international airport development and the possibility of solutions in design stage

Szymańska-Stachura, Aneta, Repelewicz, Michał
Article
2014
In the paper a process of designing and assembling complicated steel structure is described. The object is a glass roof over the railroad terminal. The object’s body makes it impossible to assemble elements of the structure on the building site just having a structural 2D drawing. It was essential to create visual animation illustrating the chronology, in what way the particular elements of the structure should be assembled to achieve the effect assumed by the architects. However, the architectonic form of the whole object was so interesting and valuable that it is worth to destine investment means and time to achieve the desired aim.

The impact of new airport passenger service technologies on the shaping of terminal building landside areas

Sitek, Michał
Article
2014
The changes that are taking place in the airport passenger service technology allow for the increase of passenger traffic in terminal buildings. Novel technologies in identification, checkin and security control in passenger service areas impact the way architectural spaces are being shaped. This article describes an algorithm for analysing a terminal building space with respect to passenger service area standards, taking into account new technologies and through putchange assessment.

Formation of the detail of building skins – energy gains and loss. Threats

Siedlecki, Bogdan
Article
2014
The modern market of construction materials allows a more perfect execution of the external structure of buildings shortening simultaneously the time of their realization; however, the selection of technology is not indifferent to future users, independently of the function of buildings, the manner of their use, technological equipment and the amount of users. Microclimatic requirements aside, the technical reliability of building skins is one of most important issues. The uncontrolled penetration of water through the building skin or the existence of thermal bridges are the cause of the appearance of biological corrosion of building components as well as their equipment. Comparative tests of project solutions relating to analyses of damage in buildings, helps improve the situation and reduces the threats to which buildings and their users can be exposed.

Avant-garde tendencies in the design and construction of contemporary islamic complex buildings in Kazakhstan

Shangereevna Sadykova, Sarah
Article
2014
This article considers the current problems of modern tendencies in the formation of the architecture of new mosques in Kazakhstan. The boldest inclinations in the architectural designs of contemporary Islamic cultural buildings by Sh. Yusupov, T.S. Abilda, Zh.N. Sharapiyev and N.S. Tokayev are described. Pioneering trends are defined on the basis of the architectural image and a planning analysis.

Superposition of facade in architecture in the beginning of the 21st century

Radwański, Damian
Article
2014
The superposition of a facade in architecture in the early 21st century, is the merit of contemporary marketing mechanisms which function in architecture. The distinct relation between the exterior side of the building and the brand take effect in choosing advanced, already existing and available systems and architectural engineering, which are far from the classic process of project implementation. Investors often decide to make an effort in creating unique, innovative solutions of extreme technical and esthetic features in order to intensify the visual impression.

Advanced technologies and revitalization of the single-family residential architecture from the Polish Socialism Period the examples of realizations

Przesmycka, Elżbieta, Napieralska, Zuzanna
Article
2014
The idea of modernization and reconstruction of the buildings from the socialism epoque is undertaken in many works. Very often however, the subject divides public opinion. Many people are unaware of the architectural potential of those buildings, considering them mainly as evidence of the communistic system. Unfortunately, there is still no protection policy for the modern architectural heritage, which would include objects from the 50s to 80s of the 20th century (monuments protection statute). The article presents the results of the research into the present state of the conservation of selected single family housing types from Polish socialism. The types of housing chosen for the research were realized with the Typical Single Family Residential Catalogue. Projects presented in the catalogue were included into a bank credit program. The types of credits were analyzed by the compliance of the final realization and the original project. The result of the research will attempt to establish the direction of a typical single-family building transformation over the last 20 years. The study will also aim to create the criteria for the evaluation process of modernization such as: technical condition of the building and media, the possibility of adapting a functional scheme to the changing social needs, new building regulations and economics.

Optimizing energy consumption in the metropolis

Podhalański, Bogusław
Article
2014
The proliferation of building management systems is limited only by the imagination of their developers as well as by technological progress, which allows for the remote control of all the available systems that aid us in making buildings more energy efficient, due to the fact that energy prices continually rise. The maximizing of a building’s energy efficiency has now become an inseparable component of their design. Due to the comparison of the two constituents of the sum of a building’s use of energy: that of the building itself and that of the user, an optimized energy efficiency scenario allows us to foresee the need for energy and its future costs. On the metropolitan scale, with tens of millions of structures, hundreds of millions of users and distances that greatly affect transportation costs, large amounts of energy are consumed. It is of great importance to pursue the development of intelligent systems that will be capable of minimizing energy use with intelligent building management systems, seemingly predestined for this role.