Defining the architectural space : transmutations of concrete : monograph. Vol. 5 = Definiowanie przestrzeni architektonicznej : transmutacje betonu : monografia. Vol. 5

Type: Collection of book fragments
Title

Collection items (11)


A painted image in architecture

Słuchocka, Katarzyna
Fragment of a book
2017
Perception of architecture, as a spatial utility form, lays foundations for encyclopaedic terms, which define the issues of the discipline that shapes space for the needs of man. Transposing the phenomena into a 2D artistic ‘comment’ may extend the field of perception of shapes, nature or quality of architectural forms or even sense of a particular definition of architecture as a discipline combining designing and artistic drawing. A painted image – an author’s commentary upon a selected part of reality – is a message intended for the continuation of the dialogue on the topic it features. It is an interpretation, which allows us to freely transpose typical elements of a composition into the world where their objective functions become the subjective ones. A painted image, similarly to a philosopher’s stone, adds magic to raw concrete, thus exposing its charm in a piece of art and enabling the viewer to see the unusual in something that is usual.

Gold into concrete, or vice-versa?

Podhalański, Bogusław
Fragment of a book
2017
If the transmutation of matter becomes possible, then it can also become the basis for the transmutation of form. The latter process is not alchemy any longer, it is the essence of architecture. Architecture becomes a certain form of transmutation and is usually performed invisibly and intuitively – first in a designer’s imagination and then taking on a visible form – that of a sketch, a design or a model. Another alteration is a reaction in the form of the construction of this design using timber, brick or concrete, of course with the necessary addition of a catalyst, which (which is funny in the context of alchemy) has to be gold or its substitute – money. When searching deeper, we can see the transmutation of concrete, or rather – of forms that are made out of it, in the context of psychological influence on humans and their direct physical surroundings – from the house to the city, and within them – also on elements that make up the profane and the sacred of a space and of architectural form.

The forms of reinforced concrete construction: The Velasca Tower, Milan 1950-1958

Neri, Raffaella
Fragment of a book
2017
The Velasca Tower (Milan 1950–1958) experiments with the use of reinforced concrete in one of the very first tower buildings ever erected in Italy. The issue the designers had to address was the relationship between technical and structural innovation concerning the use of this quite flexible and relatively recent material, as well as its expressive potential. The tower’s design was developed by the BBPR firm (Banfi, Belgiojoso, Peressutti, Rogers), which advocated a rational and modern approach that relied on the continuity with history and the relationship with the context as architecture’s key values, and by Arturo Danusso, the father of Italian structural engineering. Their partnership and affinity of intent would achieve a particularly advantageous relationship between structural research and architectural expression. As a result of such association, the new tower would become an icon as the most recognizable symbol of the city of Milan.

Concrete in architectural space. Skin versus structure

Nawrot, Grzegorz
Fragment of a book
2017
Architecture, perceived according to Bruno Zevi’s definition – provokes an interpretation of the way in which space is shaped. It may be construed as its basic demarcation being only a specific delineation of a boundary for potential activities happening inside it (without determining sequence or nature of the actives), or else, it may unequivocally specify their sequence and nature. In both instances, the method and the material are of importance. The method serves to demarcate, delineating also this boundary. The material – constructs this demarcation and inner divisions. Concrete has a significant impact on this interpretation.

Spatial reality or false consciousness. Concrete architecture in the Polish feature film of the 1970s

Nadolny, Adam
Fragment of a book
2017
The article presents interrelations between Polish concrete architecture and its pictorial representation in the Polish feature films made in the 1970s. For the history of architecture, time becomes, on the one hand, the measurement of the lapse of time, and on the other hand, it helps architecture to lose a certain type of ideological ballast. Free of that ideology, we can newly define the concrete architecture and comment upon it from another perspective.

On the rational face of concrete

Mielnik, Anna
Fragment of a book
2017
There is no one authentic concrete architecture. The dichotomies inherent in concrete allow for the most varied but also most contradictory interpretations as regards the “essence” of this material. The duality of concrete matter allows for the creation of works of varied and or even extreme aesthetics. Among the many manifestations of concrete there is also one that can be called rational. The text attempts to characterise this face of concrete architecture.

National Museum of Western Art in Tokyo – The only work by Le Corbusier

Jasiński, Artur
Fragment of a book
2017
The article discusses the history of the Museum of Western Art in Tokyo, designed by Le Corbusier, presenting its architectural design values and analysing its exceptional resistance to subsequent extensions and alterations. The functional and spatial solutions are critically investigated in retrospect.

Concrete in sports architecture

Hunger, Bartosz
Fragment of a book
2017
Sports architecture seems to be made for concrete. We automatically associate it with monumental buildings that stand out and create strong dominants, due to their scale. Designers are aware of this, so they look for unusual, often innovative formal and technological solutions. Thanks to its characteristics (carrying heavy weights and the flexibility of form), concrete seems to be the perfect material to fulfil these needs. However, contemporary buildings are hardly ever based on it as a material that describes them. The main factors influencing this phenomenon are mainly economic and time associated, and also changing trends when it comes to architecture. Although the focus on durability is weakening, it remains one of three principles of a good building. Some examples, where concrete gives the building its character, receive very good social feedback and stand out from other objects of this kind, which should provoke reflection when forecasting development paths for this type of buildings.

Concrete estates and ageing residents

Gronostajska, Barbara
Fragment of a book
2017
The paper presents researches related to the analysis of social change in the context of an aging society. The subjects were: age structure, family status, physical fitness. The researches were conducted in one large prefabricated housing estate in Wrocław – Szczepin. The analysis aims to create a model of activities that will lead to satisfy the needs of the aging residents of the estate.

Poetics of concrete – architecture of The Higher Theological Seminary of the Congregation of Resurrection in Cracow

Gała-Walczowska, Monika
Fragment of a book
2017
The expressive and, at the same time, full of content architecture of The Higher Theological Seminary of the Congregation of Resurrection, built in 1985–1993 in Cracow at Pawlickiego 1 Street, according to a design of Dariusz Kozłowski, Wacław Stefański and Maria Misiągiewicz, inspired reflection on the transmutation of concrete – creation of forms, importance of architectural composition and plots of significance in the post functional architecture.