A house in a city : properties of an architectural thing : monograph. Vol. 8 = Dom w mieście : właściwości rzeczy architektonicznej : monografia. Tom. 8

Type: Collection of book fragments
Title

Collection items (10)


House of the "Other"

Tyc, Grzegorz
Fragment of a book
2016
The thesis concerns the houses of “the Other”, the architecture that refers to the problem of dwelling outlined by the philosophy; Phenomenology and Existentialism. It presents examples of works of architecture and art created in the urban space, whose aim is to raise a question about the house itself, its properties and qualities, the idea of dwelling – living on the Earth. The essence of a “home” can be found in boundary situations – when one loses their house or they are excluded from it. The works presented are examples of the house in the metaphorical sense: the homeless house, the house of memory, the house of a suicide, the house of music. These works are from the borderland of philosophy, art and architecture. Perhaps they have a double identity – of the work of architecture and art or they just simply show that the place of architecture is in the world of art.

Is city a part of home? Forms of home perception in context of the environment

Sznura, Karolina
Fragment of a book
2016
Home as a shelter, a safe and domesticated place, is one of the basic needs of man. However, its form and relation with the external environment may differ depending on the cultural context and personal preferences. Two general tendencies may be identified: closed home and open home of which the city becomes an extension. We speak here about spending time in a nearby square or an alley – a direct form of participation in the city life, or spending time on a terrace and balcony – the indirect form of it. An element of home in the metaphorical sense may also be lingering in restaurants and cafés, a walking route identified as ours and all other everyday routines transferred into the city space. Housing architecture may, through its form, inspire the inhabitants to become open or closed from the surrounding city.

Contemporary student houses as a specific example of community housing shaping the basis of student life

Szefer, Ilona
Fragment of a book
2016
Home is the most important place in the life of every person. This is the place from which since the Middle Ages young people have set off to begin a new chapter in their lives. According to the recent data from the Polish Central Statistical Office, in Polish universities there are 1.469 million students. There are places for only 10% of students in state-owned dormitories. The existing situation has become a driving force for the so-called student real estate market. Looking at the contemporary realizations of European student houses, we can make a bid for the statement that living in them is beginning to be almost synonymous with comfort and eliteness. They represent a high level of architecture, interesting construction, material and technological solutions. Inscribing into the tissue of a city – the context of a place, the natural and developed landscape – they try to reconcile usability and aesthetics. Many young people cannot imagine studying without a possibility of living in a dormitory. These are places which, at least partially, may become second homes, because home is not only a building.

Residential architecture by MVRDV – originality or utility?

Szczegielniak, Anna
Fragment of a book
2016
In the following paper residential buildings designed by a Dutch architectural office were analysed in order to compare their utility versus the originality. The architects from the MVRDV group are known for their nonstandard, bold solutions to standard housing architecture problems such as natural light access, shadowing, intensity, intimacy for the inhabitants or combining the housing with different functions. In their work it can be noticed that the search for a useful solution can lead to originality in the form and that treating standard architectural problems with a nonstandard attitude can result in an intriguing architectural solution.

Buenos Aires corner buildings

Stalony-Dobrzański, Piotr
Fragment of a book
2016
The identity of corner buildings in Buenos Aires, despite its association with legends of the town, looks very similar to the one we can find in our cities. Even examples that became symbols of the city, such as the Kavanagh building, have citygenic characteristics, becoming urban structures the same way as everywhere else in the world. We should focus on the corner building as a special case because of the unforgiving nature of its authors.

“Existenzminimum” – the rise of an idea

Skalska, Karolina
Fragment of a book
2016
In this article the history of research on minimal living space is presented. The question of a minimum space, accessible to a low-income dweller, providing him with a worthy life, started to be an issue in the first half of the 20th century. By then European cities were not able to cope with an inflow of new dwellers. The issues were of such importance that they became the theme of one of the International Congresses of Modern Architecture (CIAM), the research was undertaken by such architects as, e.g. Le Corbusier, Ernst May, Alexander Klein or the writer and art critic Karel Teige. The aim of the article is to draw attention to the practical aspect of this research in the context of study of the minimal space. In the era of a contemporary phenomenon of decreasing the living size area, by providing at the same time the comfort, old architectural patterns can be a significant point of reference on the way to introducing new solutions.

The house façade in the urban space on the example of Berlin

Pyrtek, Piotr
Fragment of a book
2016
We learn houses from their exterior and from their external visual aspect, which hides and defends its interior, often leaving them undiscovered. A façade as part of the most exposed, by virtue of its form, geometry, construction, material used, its texture and colour is the essential part of the whole – part of the urban fabric, which gives the interior an urban expression, and buildings a tangible form. Berlin is a city of the future, full of multicultural relationships and meanings. It is also a city that has become a training ground for many world-class architects. It is a city of many faces.

Longing for ordinary house

Kozłowska, Wioletta
Fragment of a book
2016
The thought of the state of a house in the town can be perceived in many aspects. One often analyses the extent to which the house is situated in certain currents of contemporary architecture. Today’s state of architecture is dominated by new trends, be it deconstruction, minimalism or the latest trends that are still not fully named. While the breakdown of the buildings’ forms has become quotidian, architects often want to shock the audience. The contemporary audience who dreams of the buildings seen in Vienna and Bilbao may find the architecture of the second Republic of Poland outdated. Yet, this architecture carries nostalgia for rationalism in construction and for the art whose scale was adequate to the function. Once houses were ordinary, they did not need to create constant novelty with their form. It must be emphasised, though, that at the time they were innovative. The building in Chocimska Street in Cracow and designation of Cichy Kącik receive the “cult” status today, and despite their small size, they become important places of pilgrimage not only for professionals. Perhaps it is an expression of longing for a “normal” building, the named house. The one in which we can recognise facades, where the walls are vertical and windows suitable for placing flowers. It seems to be an unattainable dream in post-modern times. Today, everything has to be unique, showing the power and wealth of the investor, even in the once ordinary residential buildings. The advertising function, as Charles Jencks put it, is paramount and there is no place for prosaic ordinariness even in the construction of houses.

Material. House in the space of the urban planning and architectural team of the Industrial Society “Saturn” in Czeladź

Kiesiewicz, Sebastian
Fragment of a book
2016
Interesting examples of houses as the material for the city can be found in the work of the urban planning and architectural team of the Industrial Society “Saturn” in Czeladź. The modernistic idea of the housing and urban reform is especially visible in two designs executed by Antoni Luft and the landscape architect, Prof. Stanisław Celichowski in 1923–24 in Czeladź. The context of place and the form of housing achieved in their designs create a unique spatial value in the industrial areas of the late 19th and early 20th century. The value was defined by Andrzej K. Olszewski as a contribution of manorial forms to the development of the Polish modernistic thought. Also of interest are the works of two designers working for the Industrial Society in Czeladź. First of them, Professor Józef Pius Dziekoński is primarily known for his outstanding achievements in sacral architecture. Never before, or after, did the “Foreman” (as he was called by his students) create designs for the mining industry. The other designer, Professor Stefan Celichowski, is commonly known for his planning work, especially for his designs of gardens for manor houses and villas. In this context, his designs of gardens in industrial areas constitute an interesting part of his architectural output.

Contemporary house as a need to continue tradition

Dost, Manezha
Fragment of a book
2016
The starting point for this discussion is the regional architecture, which is characterised by the harmony between form, construction as well as function and landscape, along with the ambiance of a place. Any attempts to integrate contemporary architecture into a city context do not necessarily mean monotony, lack of diversity or uncritical conservatism. In this article, the author conducts a critical analysis of chosen projects of public buildings constructed in the 21st century in Poland. Taking into consideration the formal criteria, she tries to answer the question if there is the tendency of new regionalism present in Polish architecture, and how it is reflected in the realised architectural projects. One of the greatest challenges for the contemporary world architecture is to find solutions that would link a place’s tradition with modernity and innovation. Having that in mind, the author recalls the views of architects, critics as well as users and recipients of the objects constructed in the recent years in the public space of Polish cities.