Technical Transactions. Vol. 1

Technical Transactions. Vol. 1

Type: Collection of magazine numbers
Release date

Collection items (16)


AC low frequency conductivity in PZT PFS ferroelectric ceramics

Osak, Andrzej
Article
2017
Low frequency AC conductivity has been studied in ferroelectric ceramics PZT + PFS (Pb[(Fe1/3Sb2/3)xTiyZrz]O3 with x = 0.1 and y = 0.43, 0.44, 0.47) using Fourier transformation of charging and discharging currents. The results are interpreted in terms of fractal structure of the randomly generated clusters formed by sequentially correlated hopping paths of charge carriers.

CuO/TiO2 and Cu2O/TiO2 nanoparticles influence on parameters of bulk heterojunction organic solar cells

Lewińska, Gabriela, Sanetra, Jerzy
Article
2017
This publication presents a study conducted for related pyrazoloquinoline doped nanoparticles CuO/TiO2 and Cu2O/TiO2. The mixtures were used as the active material for the construction of photovoltaic cells.


An abstract nonlocal functional-differential second order evolution problem

Byszewski, Ludwik
Article
2017
The aim of the paper is to prove two theorems on the existence and uniqueness of mild and classical solutions of a semilinear functional-differential evolution second order equation together with nonlocal conditions. The theory of strongly continuous cosine families of linear operators in a Banach space is applied. The paper is based on publications [1–9] and is a generalization of paper [6].

Microplastics in urban water management

Venghaus, Daniel, Barjenbruch, Matthias
Article
2017
The paper is discussing microplastics in the effluent of wastewater treatment plants and other discharges from urban areas. The aim of the discussion is to expose the challenges related to sampling and detecting plastic particles in treated wastewater. The different types of microplastics and a rough estimation of the amount of plastic which could end up in the aquatic environment is given. The work is based on a literature review of microplastic particles in treated wastewater and discusses their consequences on the aquatic ecosystem.

Investigations into wastewater composition focusing on nonwoven wet wipes

Mitchell, Raja-Louisa, Thamsen, Paul Uwe, Gunkel, Michel, Waschnewski, Jan
Article
2017
This paper summarizes the problems caused for wastewater systems by changing wastewater composition, especially the increasing use of nonwoven wet wipes and their disposal via the toilet. The nonwoven wet wipes do not disintegrate in the sewer system as paper-based toilet does, but accumulate to large agglomerations that can block the system and clog pumps. This not only reduces the operational safety and stability of the wastewater system, but also costs the operator a lot of money. The paper introduces an approach to estimate the composition of wastewater and presents first results for the city of Berlin.

Water sensitive design potentials in Paris, Berlin, and Budapest revisited

Csizmadia, Dóra, Säumel, Ina, Pille, Lauranne, Szilágyi, Kinga, Balogh, Péter István
Article
2017
Impacts of extreme weather events are increasing due to ongoing climate change. Floods in the urban areas not just damage properties but also threat human life. Coping with these challenges in metropolises of old Europe is difficult as the ex-istent building structures and combined rainwater and sewage systems originating from the 19th century. We compare three old European capital cities (Berlin, Budapest and Paris) regarding rainwater management concepts. We identify important spatial land use types of blue‑green infrastructure and corresponding measures for the implementation towards a more water sensitive management by using the case study approach.

Digital filters: hermitian, antihermitian, unitary and their applications

Siwczyński, Maciej, Jaraczewski, Marcin
Article
2017
The paper presents the relation between the three types of noncausal digital filters: unitary, Hermitian and antihermitian filters. A decomposition has been made of a causal filter into a Hermitian and unitary filter cascade, and the use of this decomposition to calculate the electric power quality of receivers has been highlighted. Reference has also been made to the analogy between the set of unitary filters and the unit circle in the Gaussian plane.

Vibrations of free-field and building caused by passages of the Pendolino train

Stypuła, Krzysztof, Tatara, Tadeusz
Article
2017
The objective of the paper was to conduct dynamic measurements of free-field vibrations in three profiles and establish decay relations of propagating vibrations. The sources of vibrations were passages of the Pendolino train with dedicated speeds from 40 to 293 km/h. In each profile, soil properties tests were carried out. Based on the data for a few selected speeds of the Pendolino train’s passages, the Vibration Reduction Coefficients (VRC) were determined at selected points. The paper is also focused on the analysis of vibrations of the selected one-storey masonry residential building located in the vicinity of one of the profiles and their evaluation of the harmfulness on the building structure using standard scales of dynamic influence.

The laser scanning in the digitization process of relictually preserved architectural details

Łukaszewski, Łukasz
Article
2017
Protection of cultural heritage in recent times is of a very important significance. The priority task is to secure the existing facilities in such a way that they can now and in the future serve as a representations of the areas and be a treasure house of knowledge for both current and future generations. Through the development of new technologies and applying them by maintenance staff and those working to protect the national heritage, digitization has become widespread. Photogrammetry and laser scanning proved to be useful tools in a non-invasive process of heritage digitizing. In the article the author describes the process of creating a three-dimensional model of an architectural detail, the model of “acanthus leaf” which is the final product of the study. The methodology described by the author outlines the problems occurring during the measurement and subsequent data processing stages. The final product is an important database, useful when creating the reconstruction and renovation of similar facilities.