Technical Transactions iss. 9. Architecture iss. 6-A

Technical Transactions iss. 9. Architecture iss. 6-A

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Collection items (21)


Conservation philosophy in academic teaching

Zin, Barbara
Article
2015
Monument Protection (Ochrona Zabytków) is a course now available at the Institute of History of Architecture and Conservation of Monuments at the Faculty of Architecture, Cracow University of Technology, following the reform of the curriculum linked to the introduction of the two-degree system of studies. The aim of the course is the preparation of the future graduates of the 1st degree studies to taking adequate design solutions (complying with contemporary conservation theories) in respect of revalorisation and conversion of historic structures. Students learn how to treat a historic structure individually, and adapt it to contemporary needs during the design process, while being acquainted with the philosophy of preservation of monuments. Innovative teaching at the Faculty of Architecture, based on in-depth studies and analyses of contemporary doctrines of conservation and architectural tendencies, has already gained the name of the ‘Cracovian school of conservation of monuments’ in the academic circles.

Superstructures of modernist tenement houses - chances and threats

Wikłacz, Zbigniew
Article
2015
Attic adaptations and superstructures in tenement houses in city centres enjoy considerable interest, in spite of a rich offer of apartments available on the primary market. It can be assumed that a historic neighbourhood and a possibility to live in an old building is sometimes an attractive choice. Tenement houses built in the 1930s are particularly sought after by investors. Most frequently the houses are located in so called “better” city districts, have spacious and comfortable staircases (often equipped with lifts) and, as a rule, are in a better technical state than older houses. Regretfully, superstructures of modernist tenement houses completed so far, too rarely have been examples of a successful architectural intervention. The paper presents several selected cases from Cracow, pointing to problems related to the protection of residential architecture of the period.

Place of new art and architecture in the historic cultural space – “the right of good continuation”

Węcławowicz-Gyurkovich, Ewa
Article
2015
The necessity of remaining the authentic historic substance and also the traditional cultural climate obliges to analyze the extension of adaptation works in detail. It mainly refers to historic buildings of unique cultural and artistic values; however, it does not stand for a full limitation of intervention of modern architecture into the historic substance. Such a conclusion is drawn on the basis of an analysis of many European examples connected with the establishments of the Venice Charter from 1964 and subsequent supplementary additions, such as Nara Document 1994 and others.

Examples of strategies of preservation activities in historic complexes of hospital architecture

Waszczyszyn, Elżbieta
Article
2015
The paper is an introduction to a broader study, aimed to define the rules of procedure for taking preservation activities in historic hospital architecture. It has, among others, to facilitate the modernization of historic hospitals necessary to carry out in accordance with the requirements set by the legislature, the latest medical technologies and contemporary doctrines and principles of conservation. The article is based on the analysis of the latest solutions implemented in selected hospitals including the historic hospitals in Warsaw, Wroclaw and Lodz. The analysis of proven solutions in conjunction with the collected experiences from other selected projects are the starting material for the definition of a strategy of historic preservation activities in historic hospitals and the development of guidelines assisting in their implementation.

Site-specific recent architecture in Poland: conservation of identity?

Urbańska, Marta A.
Article
2015
Recent Polish architecture in the context of historic sites is replete with the examples of structures tying in with their context. There are many buildings in all scales that may be deemed site specific. The article discusses the issue whether such an architectural approach may be regarded as the conservation of identity.

A few reflections about monument conservation sketched with an architecture historian’s pen in other words between Bremerhaven, Paris and Glasgow

Tołłoczko, Zdzisława
Article
2015
The aim of the essay is to remind people of selected realizations done during the last two decades of the 20th c. targeted at the rescue, restoration and enlivening objects of the 19th c. architecture. They were created in the period of industrial revolution, when the turn of the century became the past, remaining a valuable relic of the past and serves new aims, cultivating both old-time and restored functional, aesthetic and artistic values.

The role and significance of archaeological heritage in the contemporary urban space

Stala, Klaudia
Article
2015
Archaeological heritage comes under special protection owing to its subtlety and non-renewability of stratigraphic context and is closely connected with the surroundings. Relics of the past unveiled during archaeological explorations in the centre of a city or within its confines, which by law should remain in situ, may favourably affect the spatial development of the city, improve the economy of the region by increasing or intensifying tourism. The author emphasises the fact that the contemporary approach to the exposition of archaeological heritage need not be restricted to the form of reservation which creates a kind of a separate place of “historical sacrum”, but should incorporate it into the tissue of the city, revitalising the unveiled relics. Recently it has been an increasingly common phenomenon, proving the changes in the approach to the possibility of creation in the historic space of a city. The examples of the latest realizations presented in the article show the present-day tendencies in preservation design and heritage protection as well as a trend in the changes taking place.

Modern presentation of cultural heritage – a review of selected documents

Sroczyńska, Jolanta
Article
2015
The ratification of the ICOMOS Charter on Interpretation and Presentation of Cultural Heritage (2008) resulted in far-reaching changes in the concept of cultural heritage protection. Currently, presentation has become a social process of experiencing the past, with the participation of diverse stakeholders, and with the use of multilateral interpretative techniques. The article shows the way to shape the principles of modern presentation doctrines through a variety of doctrinal documents issued by the UNESCO, the Council of Europe and the ICOMOS, which directly influence the current principles in this area.

Conservation of the neo-Renaissance house at Studencka Street 14 in Kraków with the use of hydraulic lime

Sadowska, Ewa Janina
Article
2015
The house near the crossing of Studencka Street and Garncarska Street, designed by Władysław Ekielski, was built over 100 years ago for Mr Wiktor Barabasz, director of the Conservatorium and founder of the Kraków Academic Choir, pianist and owner of the Grand and Upright Piano and Harmonium Storehouse. The two-storey building was made of brick and its three interior façades were given a finish with hydraulic lime. Due to the efforts of the owners’ cooperative, renovation of the façade started in 2011; it was partially financed from grants of the Social Committee for the Restoration of Kraków Historic Sites and Monuments. The renovation was designed by arch. Maria Fischinger. The conservation work was performed by AC Konserwacja, which possesses extensive experience in working with modern hydraulic lime. The material itself is produced in the Experimental Institute of Glass and Ceramics in Kraków, from domestic marl clay by means of calcination. It has properties that are very close to the historic version, especially resilience to atmospheric conditions and a warm, gold colour. The effect of the renovation, which was performed with great care and skill, is phenomenal.

Analysis of the 15th- and 16th-century building development of the western suburbs of Cracow as an example of research into the lost architecture of the town

Petrus, Krzysztof
Article
2015
In this article an attempt has been made to answer the question to what extent the use of exclusively traditional, archival research methods enables us to determine typical town-planning and architectural features of the 15th- and 16th-century residential development of the western suburbs of Cracow, including the iuridica of Garbary. After developing that historically valuable area, forming today a part of the city centre (Śródmieście) marked by Łobzowska, Dunajewskiego, Podwale, Jabłonowskich, Piłsudskiego streets and Mickiewicza i Słowackiego avenues, no material traces have remained – the old city suburbs were completely destroyed in the times of the Swedish invasion, the written sources have proved to be meagre, no iconographic sources exist, while the urban residential development erected in place of iuridica in the second half of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries does not allow us to conduct extensive archaeological research.