A house in a city : properties of an architectural thing : monograph. Vol. 4 = Dom w mieście : właściwości rzeczy architektonicznej : monografia. Tom. 4

Type: Collection of book fragments
Title

Collection items (9)


Properties of parametric-algorithmic design of residential houses in the urban context

Helenowska-Peschke, Maria
Fragment of a book
2016
Design explorations of architectural avant-garde resulted in the development of digital techniques that allow solving very complex and demanding contemporary design challenges. In the architectural discourse, the new design workshop seems to be symbolised mainly by the projects of sports facilities, cultural, administrative or multifunctional high-rise buildings. However, for the quality of society life, it is more important to exploit the potential of new methods of design and construction methods in the context of housing needs. The article presents the results of studies on the potential and limitations associated with the use of the parametric algorithmic methodology in the context of obtaining effective solutions recognising the individual needs of users and the requirements of the environmental and urban context. The research is based on case studies of experimental projects and critical analysis of the possibilities of using algorithms and design patterns with respect to residential houses.

Archetype of the home in exhibitions

Gyurkovich, Magdalena
Fragment of a book
2016
Symbols of home are used at various exhibitions. Allegories of home, its intended use, functions connect the recipient and the presenter above cultural and religious differences. The question asked in the article is the following: what model do contemporary displays refer to? Tracing this phenomenon can provide answers to what archetype of home appeals to the recipient. On a preliminary basis, two main trends can be distinguished in presenting the form of home in exhibition spaces. The first one is a symbol referring to national and regional characteristics; this type can be seen in Expo installations and in exhibitions referring to traditional or national features where home is easily connected with characteristics of a country or region. The second type is home as a universal symbol without characteristics of the place or user. In such installations, the archetype of home boils down to synthetic forms in contemporary interpretations.

In search for perfection – affinities and differences in the architectue of Palladio and Le Corbusier’s villas

Gała-Walczowska, Monika
Fragment of a book
2016
The eternal pursuit of perfection in architecture has always been connected with the search for the ideal architectural form and composition, in a relation to location and the requirements of utility. Representative and, at the same time, exclusive character of residential architecture has been a result of a talent, an effort and craftsmanship of a creator, according to the prestige and social standing of a client. Over the centuries and in the modern and contemporary times, architects have been creating timeless quality and value of a building, by giving meaning and use of symbolism: of a pedestal, an entrance, a roof, a loggia… In this light, one can take a look at the architecture of the most famous villas of Andrea Palladio and Le Corbusier – analysing the similarities and differences between the architecture of Villa Stein and Villa Foscari, Villa Savoy and La Rotonda. The affinities of shapes and ideal proportions of solids, emphasising piano nobile, loggias and terraces, clash with differences in the composition of elevations, in the functional composition and in arrangements of plans, as well as in methods of roof forming.

Urban housing under the circumstances

Frysztak, Anna
Fragment of a book
2016
Dweller needs denote the so-called habitation comfort (i.e. becoming independent of climate and the elements) as well as privacy, safety, a feeling of freedom and identification with the place of living. Urban location is a man-made setting, which dominates a natural one. That results in the heat island effect, noise-generating traffic, the low emission. A danger of smog appears. To generalise, home proximity can be resolved into the housing typology and characterisation of the urban fabric–ranging from a positive one (by street building) to a negative (consisting of detached objects). Standard evolves, hence actions to rejuvenate the historic fabric and rehabilitate the modernist housing estates. The compass of the present standard exceeds basic requirements (related to acoustic issues, insolation, view obscuring).

Old tenement house in the structure of the modern city

Fiuk, Piotr
Fragment of a book
2016
Old tenement houses determine the individual character of old European cities. The functional and formal-plastic typology of the former townhouse reflects the transformation process, carried out with changing utility requirements, discoveries of construction technology, use of new devices, visualised by the stylish evolution of changing aesthetic canons and artistic tastes. The type of tenement house reflected the stages of development of the ancient, medieval, modern and contemporary architecture of the cities of the Old Continent. Natural disasters and destruction of the war lead to the old cities being rebuilt, introducing modifications to the appearance and technical as well as functional improvements. A separate chapter in the history of tenement houses, located within the cities designated on the basis of medieval location acts, defines trends of our time to create the modern archetype of old tenement house, combined with reconstructed, most valuable in terms of artistic solutions of facades that were not rebuilt after the ravages of World War II .

Lodz machines for living – standardisation of multifamily social housing of the postwar promised land

Borowczyk, Joanna
Fragment of a book
2016
In postwar Lodz, whose landscape was not supposed to be a source of personal aesthetic delight, the ideas of functionalism and social egalitarianism were realised by groups of multifamily buildings, whose presence in the city space betokens the submission of aesthetics to the rules of radical standardisation and rejection of a model of architecture being an outcome of individual needs of its users and designers. Finding a consensus between strict utility standards and a search for a high quality of housing environment appeared to be extremely difficult in the post war conditions, which is evidenced by the record of the struggle of urban planners and architects against the radical focus being put on the city functionalisation.

The house in the city after the city

Bizio, Krzysztof
Fragment of a book
2016
The subject of the article is to analyse the changes in ways of defining the concept of a house in the context of reconstruction, and in fact – of building a new Old Town in Szczecin. As a result of World War II , the historic complex of the Old Town has been destroyed. In the mid‚ 50s, there was a decision made to build a new complex, which was based on the modern ideas. The crisis of modernism and cultural changes caused a new building development of the empty parts of the Old City from the early 90s of the twentieth century. They reconstruct the historic urban layout, and in the aspect of architecture, they are usually a free variation of their creators on the idea of a historical tenement house. In this context, the article analyses the changing ways of defining the concept of originality, usefulness and beauty of the house.

A house at the turn of 20th and 21st centuries in Baku

Agajew, Maria
Fragment of a book
2016
The article concerns forms of residential buildings against backgrounds of general trends in the area of Baku, Azerbaijan. The architectural situation is complicated in this city. The reasons are, among others: rich history, legacy of seventy years of domination of Soviet Union and current processes occurring during the last 25 years. There exist dissonances, contrasts and huge differentiation in the characteristics of construction at various levels: affluence, scale of structures, quality of architecture etc. The impact of the European culture, especially in centre from 19th century, the impact of the Asian culture in historical building and in details as well as contemporary extravagant vision are visible in the town.

A house in the frontage. The continuity and transitoriness of Silesian market squares’ development

Adamska, Monika Ewa
Fragment of a book
2016
Majority of Silesian towns are distinguished by their medieval Old Towns with centrally located market squares. The frontage development of the market squares historically combines housing and service functions. Over the centuries, the form and stylistics of this development were undergoing changes, creating the individual image of every Silesian market square. In the paper, the transformations of the market squares’ frontage development are analysed, describing their tendencies and specificity.