A house in a city : properties of an architectural thing : monograph. Vol. 2 = Dom w mieście : właściwości rzeczy architektonicznej : monografia. Tom. 2

Type: Collection of book fragments
Title

Collection items (10)


The traditional house as an expression of conservative values and the culture of continuation

Zaguła, Artur
Fragment of a book
2016
The article presents the thesis that residential homes built in historical styles, and especially residential homes built from traditional materials, are closely linked to the conservative values of their inhabitants. The introduction puts forward the theoretical basis for the essay, in the form of Demetri Porphyrios’s understanding of classical architecture, as well as the link between material and society according to Hannah Arendt and Leon Krier. Further on, the article raises the question of material as a tool in the hands of the architect for rooting a building (in a philosophical sense) in time. Then it looks at examples of modern projects by Quinlan Terry, as well as the ideas of current architects. Modern realities are also presented in the article, in the form of an analysis of Polish approaches to residential homes. At its conclusion, the article returns to philosophy and reveals the link between the physicality of architecture and the materials themselves with the perception of values and rootedness.

Between the avant-garde and tradition in shaping the architecture of social tenement housing during the Lodz interwar period

Olenderek, Joanna
Fragment of a book
2016
Lodz is a relatively young city – it was developed into a large city mostly during the interwar period. The administrative promotion to the rank of regional centre started the process of developing the city space (public, urban, single houses and tenements). Which of these buildings were designed to be traditional and which modern? Can we find avant-garde social housing among them? The author is searching for answers: How attractive are the presented buildings and can they be added to the process of shaping the present identity of post-industrial Lodz?

The metaphysical metaphor of the home-edifice vs compilation home. A place in the whole, a whole in fragments

Nawrot, Grzegorz
Fragment of a book
2016
To the dwelling, a place, or places are assigned where activities defining this state take place and the time determining their continuance. If we interpret dwelling and home as Bruno Zevi interpreted architecture, then dwelling in the city is what happens in spaces separated for these activities, and building a home is finding and constructing attributes of its content in them. The architecture of the dwelling and the home and also the space of the city is constructed from a continuously growing number of elements. Apart from material ones, it is made of virtual spaces and the new forms shaped by them. A home perceived in such a context changes its unequivocal nature of home-edifice, extending it by consecutively occupied places and domesticated spaces.

Houses of the Official Neighbourhood in Krakow 1924–1960. Modesty, elegance and solidity at the former edge of the city

Motak, Maciej
Fragment of a book
2016
The Official Neighbourhood was founded according to the 1924 regulation and subdivision plan near Krakow’s then northeast borders. The originally composed square and 8 streets, with 78 lots along them, were laid out. Nearly 30 houses were built by 1939. The first part of the paper discusses the genesis of the neighbourhood, its original plan and functional assumptions, with a special focus on composition and the architecture of the neighbourhood’s houses. Then the houses built by 1939 are discussed, with regard to their function, structure, form. It continues with the post-1945 transformations, when 20 more houses were built, and after 1957, when a uniform complex of 20 houses was built, followed by 8 typical multifamily blocks as well as by commercial, service, cultural and religious facilities.

House, street, city: Ars Rhetorica as a tool for composition

Martinelli, Patrizio M.
Fragment of a book
2016
The essay is about the issue of the façade, the architectural device which holds together the private and the public, the inside and the outside, and at the same time becomes the face of the building, and at a larger scale, of the city. A face which also expresses, as happens with texts, discourses and narrations: so the instruments of ars rhetorica becomes important, as some buildings by the masters of the Modern Movement can reveal.

House façades in a traditional city – on the example of Krakow Town Houses

Makowska, Beata
Fragment of a book
2016
The way the houses look in a traditional city is influenced, inter alia, by building laws, size and shape of the building plot, local conditions and climate, materials used, and building techniques. The cultural traditions from different regions differentiate the choices made for the town houses’ architectural elements. They create characteristic and diverse solutions (the roof form, local materials) connected to the history of the cities. Thanks to this, the houses are rooted in a rich tradition of local views, materials and techniques. Krakow town houses from the turn of the 20th century can serve as an example. They evolved maintaining the structural-architectural essence of their forms and the elements characteristic for the local tradition.

Do houses have to be evermore curved?

Kozłowski, Tomasz
Fragment of a book
2016
An attempt has been made to present the reason for the contemporary audience’s interest in art – avant-garde architecture. Such a situation must be extremely stressful for the creators. Creating the “new” had always been associated with a lack of understanding on the part of a mass audience. Today, the architecture of curved lines, breaking with Euclidean geometry and right angle, is becoming commonplace. The whole creative work is getting radically detached from memorised habits. Canons in art and modularity in architecture are becoming obsolete. The pursuit of novelty has led to the demise of avant-garde movements and the creation of the category of “icon” of architecture unrelated to some style or function. The buildings that have earned the appropriate status can be the “canons of contemporary times”. They do not do it by the applied material as it used to be in the case of Le Corbusier’s designs (and concrete), but by the unprecedented (perhaps unimaginable) shape. Coop Himmelblau creates rather than builds Pavilion 21 MINI Opera Space, giving it a sharp, tapering shape. And so are the contemporary houses, difficult to draw and describe, but easy to remember. Unfortunately, they are also becoming more and more acceptable for the user and an outside observer who have already got bored with the simplicity and ordinariness.

Opened/closed – the conceptions of the privacy in a super - urban house

Janowski, Maciej
Fragment of a book
2016
The archetype of the house is a shelter, clearly defining the boundary between private and public space. In the historical architecture, the insulated private area embedded in the structure of the city was considered the epitome of order and a counterweight to the chaos existing on the outside of the house and the city. Today, the complexity of urban structures leads to the use of different, often conflicting approaches of developing the relationship between the home and the public space. On the one hand, the separation and keeping distance from the others, creation and defending ones “own world” are an understandable response to the worrying and stressful diversity of human types and lifestyles occurring in the contemporary city. On the other hand, the perception of the city by its residents as a safe space with a high aesthetic value makes their actions cause the blurring of the boundary between private and public zones.

“My dream house” – a house in a city in children’s imagination

Chmielewski, Wojciech
Fragment of a book
2016
Children’s sensitivity to colours and shapes as well as their magic imagination accompanied by infallible artistic instinct can create ideas, which leave us, adults, speechless. We are very familiar with the world of houses created by grown-ups. What remains a mystery is the children’s world of imagination and their visions of a house, their dreams about this basic, civilisational “thing”. We will show and analyse the effects of children’s search and imagination of the project “My dream house”, which took place in several primary schools in Krakow and the Malopolska region in the last few years during Architectural Education Days. We will show the relation between almost a fairy tale plasticity and the cultural environment created by us, a place of growth and education for the youngest ones, who are following their spontaneous and pure sensitivity. Why does it usually end for most of the people on the early education level? Where do the sources of children’s inspiration come from? Children often come back to this inspiration during their adult architectural creativity, when they are already grown-up, wonderful architects, who never stopped dreaming about their “house”. This can be seen clearly in their architecture, where the boundaries and shapes are blurred, as if it was in an opposition to the globalised world.

House as a monument or the sublimation of residential architecture

Charciarek, Marcin
Fragment of a book
2016
Among the diversity of contemporary architectural motivations, one discovers the ideas of stylistic message that define a nontraditional way of defining the architecture of houses and residential complexes. This refers to the attempts at the monumentalisation of form – its sublimation and attribution of these semantic features, which were considered rejected by the dogma of modernity.