Technical Transactions iss. 5. Architecture iss. 5-A

Technical Transactions iss. 5. Architecture iss. 5-A

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Collection items (29)


On threats to gardens – based on the green area revalorisation project regarding the former duke Alessander Lubomirski Shelter Foundation on Rakowicka Street, Krakow

Zachariasz, Agata
Article
2015
The article discusses the issues related to threats to historic gardens based on the area located in the vicinity of the former duke Alessander Lubomirski Shelter Foundation at Rakowicka 27, Krakow. The Neo-Renaissance complex was created between 1891 and 1893 according to the design by T. Stryjeński and W. Ekielski selected during a contest. When created, it stood out from the landscape, while its monumental form determined the identity of the place. The complex underwent various changes and transformations, which brought about certain threats. The said changes were related to ownership, proprietor and users. Gardens were not always taken care of and as components threatened with transformations and development, they ceased to form integral part of the complex. Greenery lost its aesthetic values and became a collection of random plants, while the composition became less transparent. Some evergreen plants obscured the elevation of the former shelter. The article discusses a project regarding restoration of greenery by the complex currently housing the Cracow University of Economics.

Preventing threats to historical parks in Łódź. Best practice

Wycichowska, Barbara
Article
2015
In the article, next to the exemplification of threats historic parks in Łódź, were presented interesting actions and specific initiatives taken by the city and informal social groups for the protection of historic objects of urban green areas.

LeFrak Center in Prospect Park (Brooklyn, New York) as an example of addition onto a historical landmark

Wilczkiewicz, Małgorzata Z.
Article
2015
To introduce a contemporary function into a historic park, needs both the skills of modern architecture and the knowledge of historical monuments. This has also been employed as a method to eliminate the wear of time from the living park’s deterioration. This new functional building with all its’ facilities and accessible spaces demands and expects the proper behavior from all park visitors. LeFrak Center at Lakeside, at Prospect Park is not the only example of a modern inference in the landmark park. Also, it is the beginning to the process of preservations work recently completed, at Prospect Park. In the article, the author presents the LeFrak Center as a good example of modern, sustainable architecture incorporated into the existing landscape of Prospect Park.

Transformation of Franciscans monastic gardens in Kazimierz Dolny

Widelska, Ewelina, Milecka, Małgorzata
Article
2015
1628 saw the arrival of Franciscans who built a monastery, and created gardens on the remaining part of the land which was given to them. The once historical garden layout underwent strong changes, both on the functional and compositional level. It was mainly the result of the January Uprising which brought about the dissolution of the monastery and changes in the function of the whole complex. In 1928 Franciscans came back to Kazimierz, however, they did not reconstruct the gardens. The reason for this decision might be seen in the shift in the monastery activities, which now had to adapt to the needs of the new society. 20th-century Franciscans started to add new functions to the existing space, according to the current needs. In consequence, there are now only fragments left of the garden composition which still existed in the 19th century.

Contemporary threats to historic cemetery objects

Waryś, Ewa, Hodor, Katarzyna
Article
2015
The aim of this paper is to present and characterize the factors that pose a threat to historic cemetery objects. Taking into consideration the problems associated with historic parks and gardens. Attention must be paid to the cemeteries, which even though being classified as green areas, are rarely perceived in this way. This problem especially affects necropolises which are located in cities, surrounded by dense urban structure and situated near buildings and public spaces.

The development of buildings as a threat to the integrity of the Edwardowo estate in the city of Poznan

Walerzak, Miłosz T., Świerk, Dariusz, Krzyżaniak, Michał, Urbański, Piotr
Article
2015
The Edwardowo estate in the city of Poznan suffers from intense anthropopressure. Once calm and situated on the city’s outskirts, the estate is surrounded with establishments which interfere with its integrity nowadays. The aims of the paper were: to identify the threats rising from progressing urbanization, to determine a scale of historic value destruction and to make revalorization recommendations. The achievement of those aims was possible after analytical methods were used. The applied methods allowed for the creation of scientific analysis and 3D models. Despite the fact that the historic value of the Edwardowo estate is under threat, it is suitable for restitution.

The Morasko estate – an example of historic value degradation caused by ownership changes and plot dismemberment

Walerzak, Miłosz T., Krzyżaniak, Michał, Świerk, Dariusz, Urbański, Piotr
Article
2015
The historic estate in Morasko has been the subject of transformation for years. Both owners as well as functions have been changing. New plots, existing after estate plot dismemberment, were covered with new buildings, which dominated both the manor and palace and changed the historic spatial design as well. The aims of the study were: to identify the threats rising from plot dismemberment and ownership changes, to determine the scale of historic value destruction and to determine the revalorization possibility. The achievement of those goals was possible after research and analytical methods were used. The applied methods allowed for the creation of scientific analysis and 3D models. Despite the fact that Morasko estate historic value is remarkably destroyed it is still suitable for partial restitution.

Lipno – the former deerpark, present protected landscape-nature complex

Steuer-Jurek, Anna
Article
2015
This article addresses issues regarding the protection of the landscape-nature complex in Lipno, which is a remnant of the former deerpark belonging to the princes of Niemodlin. Presented here are both the changes taking place in this specific garden complex, as well as the present state. Also included are the current natural and cultural dangers affecting further changes taking place in it.

Threats to historic parks arising from the conflict of cultural and natural values

Sikora, Dorota
Article
2015
The values which dictate whether a historic park is listed as a heritage site, and which justify the need for statutory protection, are its historical, artistic and scientific values. The lack of public understanding and respect for these values, and the failure to perceive historic parks as works of garden art, and not merely as biologically active areas used primarily as recreation sites, poses many serious threats to this group of heritage sites.

Identified threats to historical greenery and methods to counteract their effects on the park in Żelazowa Wola

Siewniak, Marek, Tarnawska, Anna
Article
2015
This paper presents examples of the risks identified in relation to the historical greenery and program of rescue – repair treatments used for endangered trees and the effects of its implementation.