Technical Transactions iss. 2. Architecture iss. 2-A

Technical Transactions iss. 2. Architecture iss. 2-A

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Collection items (17)


Parks, green areas and landscape in view of new concepts related to the shaping of structure and form of a city

Zachariasz, Agata
Article
2014
The article discusses changes to planning and designing of urban landscape, in particular, green areas and public parks, seen as component of the composition of a city, public space as well as important element of urban landscape and spatial order. It also focuses on a function performed by a landscape architect in these investments. The article includes references to concepts and ideas born in the last fifty years, including Urban Ecology, New Urbanism, Green Urbanism, Landscape Urbanism and green infrastructure. Factors important for the composition, designing, perception of nature and areas shaped by the greenery were also analysed. These days, the concept of planning urban greenery system is construed as a combination of requirements resulting from planning-related issues and pursuit of improvement in terms of quality of place and life.

Polish cities of the future – trends, concepts, implementations

Węcławowicz-Bilska, Elżbieta
Article
2014
In today’s development projects on urban space can be observed some clear trends, with relate to the natural environment and cultural heritage, the social environment, and economic conditions. In studies conducted in different research centers adopted similar criteria for determining ecological towns, cities, green, smart cities and towns intelligent community. The alignment of the trends, concepts, implementation of the European cities of the future of trends, concepts and implementation of urban planning in Poland is the main objective of this paper.

Energy-efficient technologies in the formation of the cities of the future

Wehle-Strzelecka, Stanisława
Article
2014
This paper presents problems concerning the possibility of realizing the idea of a city integrated with the natural environment through the development of energy-efficient concepts for architectural and urban solutions. In order to define contemporary tendencies, optimal solutions and patterns that could be continued while shaping future cities, this article shows the historical background of the energy-efficient principles of construction as well as experiments and models which have been created within this scope in recent decades. The specified problems are of importance considering the search for various forms of action for the development of the concept of a sustainable urban space.

The role of green in spatial composition of contemporary urban solutions

Pluta, Katarzyna
Article
2014
Contemporary dynamic processes of transformation of city form, especially public spaces, contribute to create solutions, which at present belong to future, because of many features: expressive identity, durability and simultaneously functional flexibility. Important component of public spaces is green, which according to principles of sustainable development should be treated in the same way as built environment. According to this assumption there are required various researches concerning every kind of green form in cities, especially analysis of spatial composition of urban complexes. The paper presents contemporary town planning solutions in European cities (mostly public spaces), which are outstanding examples of application of basic green spatial elements in urban composition.

A decrease in the “attractiveness” of urban space in medium size towns – selected spatial and social aspects

Paprzyca, Krystyna
Article
2014
The crisis of urban space in medium towns, noticeable in the form of uninhabited apartments and business premises in many tenements, means the necessity to search for new spatial solutions which will be adequate to the contemporary reality of social life. Unfortunately, we cannot do much to stop natural expansion in towns and cities. Contemporary medium towns are losing their “attractiveness” because they are devoid of diversity and richness related to urban structures as well as the variety of social life. The unattractiveness of urban areas causes the unwillingness to live there. The flow of people from the cities to the suburbs leads to a number of unfavourable phenomena observed in the city and outside it. Lifestyles created in such a way become pathogenic creating sick personality reflected in man’s space. We must emphasize the fact that traditional spatial values are not protected in many cases, whereas their condition requiring considerable financial resources does not interest developers who seek for pickings.

Future cities: design opportunities for the improvement of air quality

Naboni, Emanuele, Woźniak-Szpakiewicz, Ewelina, Doray, Christopher
Article
2014
This paper proposes a series of questions on how recent cities’ eco-programs and design ideas could (or not) contribute towards reducing air pollution in future cities while creating vibrant and livable environments. Design Strategies related to a series of European, American and Asian cities affected by poor air quality condition, are critically discussed. Because effective policies to reduce carbon emissions take a long time to initiate, urban planners and architects have the unique opportunity to creatively re-examine city streets, landscape and buildings as active solutions to inspire sustainable living and combat poor air quality.

Cities of the future according to urban history

Motak, Maciej
Article
2014
The paper is an attempt of applying the urban history criteria for the deliberations on the future of cities. On the basis of historic and contemporary urban design the hypotheses and reflections on the future directions of cities’ development are discussed. They are presented in six basic groups referring to six factors of the creation and evolution of cities in the past, which were determined by Tadeusz Tołwiński. In the future the factors are likely to maintain their importance, although with certain change of their image and contents. The principle of a number of urban factors sharing their influence to induce city’s balanced development will remain unaltered, too. The harmony of functional and spatial transformations is desirable in urban evolution and the harmonious evolution of theoretical basis of urban design features positive impact on the future of cities likewise.

Do employment subcenters structure mobility patterns and land consumption? A global analysis for the main metropolitan areas in Spain

Marmolejo Duarte, Carlos, Tornés Fernández, Moria
Article
2014
Subcentres are dense concentrations of employment and services that appear across contemporary metropolitan areas, the resulting urban pattern is called polycentric. Polycentrism has become the keystone in a major number of regional and urban policies, since it has been seen as a sustainable and equilibrated urban model. In this paper, using as case study the biggest metropolitan areas in Spain we test whether employment subcentres effectively structure mobility patterns around them, and at the same time whether polycentric urban patterns reduce land consumed around subcentres. For this reason we use effective urbanised area and travel to work mobility matrix to assess whether polycentrism increases the efficiency of urbanisation. The results suggest that effectively employment subcentres do structure travel to work patterns, reducing urban mobility, and consequently being structural places. Nevertheless, from the perspective of land consumption little effect is detected after controlling other urban factors affecting this vector such as orography and urban fabric fragmentation.

Human–values–beauty city–architect–composition

Kosiński, Wojciech
Article
2014
The hereby work represents an diagnostic & prognostic analysis, concerning a creation of cities - an actual, and a pointed towards the near future. A basis of the method constructed for research is an extraction of two most important types of conditions. The first of them is/are: a subject/subjects, and the other are: an object/objects. Subjective condition/s are human being/people, hence objective condition/s are projects/real implementations made in scales of: physical/spatial planning, urbanism and architecture. The research upon subjects remains in the sphere of humanist sciences as: philosophy, philosophy, social psychology, sociology, economy, etc. The research upon objects remains in the sphere sciences dealing with a physical space, e.g.: regional, urban and architectural - analysis, theory and design ‒ all of them including aesthetics as a philosophical bridge between theory and praxis. Logical overlapping and mutual penetrating of subjects and objects, reflect in a quality of a city as a place of humans. In the perspective view between: from one side the contemporary crisis in the planning and urban design, and from the second side inevitable growth of cities - hereby field of survey seems to be worth a care, widening and deepening.

Forms of inhabitants’ participation in the shaping of their places of residence. The idea, specificity, problems

Jagiełło-Kowalczyk, Magdalena
Article
2014
The idea of sustainable development is being intensively extended with issues related to social participation. The society’s share in the formation of its own places of residence assumes various forms – from the immaterial dimension of interpersonal relations to entirely measurable participation in the process of designing, realizing and maintaining houses and estates. The future brings many more forms of such participation developed on the basis of communications, technical and technological potential that is less and less limited. However, we should ask ourselves the following question: which of these forms can be used to an extent under defined conditions in certain countries, regions and districts?