Defining the architectural space : rationalistic or intuitive way to architecture : monograph. Vol. 4 = Definiowanie przestrzeni architektonicznej : racjonalistyczna czy intuicyjna droga do architektury : monografia. Vol. 4

Type: Collection of book fragments
Title

Collection items (6)


Shaping architecture in the context of intuitive and rational thinking

Nowak, Anna
Fragment of a book
2018
Architectural shaping is a complex process. Contemporary inspirations are an important element in architectural design. The process of shaping the form and spatial-material solutions can be based on subconscious, aprioric, creative searches based on experiences and associations, without realizing the ongoing process. In this context, sensory design is important in relation to with space phenomenology or biophilia. The architect’s vision is then based on a general outline of the impression and connection of the building with the surrounding environment in the field of spatial and material solutions. Associations and unconventional thinking can lead to non-standard solutions, leading to significant changes in accepted canons and theories, contributing to evolution and development. In contemporary architecture, there is also a shift towards process design, in which forms follow process. As a result, it is possible to search for optimization of design solutions, which can be particularly exemplified by bionic or numerical design based on the results of analyses. Particular effects can be achieved by using both intuitive and rational elements in the pursuit of modern architectural solutions.

Under the power of reason

Mielnik, Anna
Fragment of a book
2018
The article is a reflection on the essence of rationality and rationalism in architecture. In relation to architectural work, rationality, and especially rationalism, are vague terms that escape scientific definitions. They are often seen as interchangeable, even though their meaning is not identical. It is not possible to explicitly state what is rational and rationalistic in architecture, one can only try to approximate real definitions. These concepts have influenced the architecture of different times, trends and creators, adopting various forms. They have not developed for the creation of one style. The author seeks help to understand and define these concepts in the field of philosophy (the theory of cognition and aesthetics in particular). Analysing the criteria of rationalism, the author refers to architectural work.

The perfect house rational or intuitive way

Janik, Anna-Maria
Fragment of a book
2018
This text presents the problems of designing houses as architectural objects. It will show the motives leading in the process of the formation of houses, as well as various paths leading to the final form. Based on the referenced masterpieces of architecture and their characteristic features, the text will allow the definition of the “perfect” house to be approached. The question of aesthetics, the utility of objects of modern residential architecture, and their relations with the surroundings as well as their general reception will also be discussed. The work will also touch the psychological aspect in terms of impact on the life and behaviour of the inhabitants of the architectural environment in which they reside.

Creative expression or rational submission to the past? Architectural trends in selected adaptations of historical buildings to contemporary needs

Janicka-Świerguła, Katarzyna
Fragment of a book
2018
Almost every architectural and construction intervention into a historical building arouses controversy which is intensified by its importance and sentimental and cultural significance. The introduction of a new function, oftentimes involving the necessity to transform the historic structure, becomes the only antidote to the rising costs of building maintenance and frequently determines its existence. The question is whether in this area of architectural creativity full savings should be made in the expression of the creative “I” and humble restraint or, on the contrary, bold and courageous solutions should be ventured upon, almost balancing on the verge of becoming part of the historic tissue? The author carries out a comparative analysis of selected examples of adaptation of historical objects to contemporary needs and attempts to answer the question about the dividing line between the desire to emphasize the constant changes in the history of architecture and the intention to be included in the history pages.

The structuralism of contemporary architectural details in generative modelling methods

Gawell, Ewelina
Fragment of a book
2018
Detail is the “lens” of architecture – it shows the level of advancement of construction and material technologies, but it is also a testament to the author’s skills – his knowledge, sensitivity and commitment. The combination of technology and art has always been important in the design of details. Modernism rejected ornaments, regarding the “machine for living in” as an architectural ideal. In the trends that appear in architecture, architectural detail obtains a new meaning, partially due to the structuralism of the created forms. In the search for aesthetics and beauty, architectural detail is more and more often shaped through the prism of rational engineering solutions. Generative modelling methods are becoming particularly helpful in interdisciplinary design, as they enable imitation and adaptation of the patterns found in nature.

The design process – personal reflections

Frysztak, Anna
Fragment of a book
2018
Different persons acting, participate beside the architect – who accounts for the form and coordination of design tasks – in a process which results in an architectural object. This concerns a stage of conception, as well as a building blueprint and an implementation stage. Therefore – prolific external requirements. These are not indifferent to form. Their accomplishment proceeds in the rational sphere. The artistic background of an epoch, which conditions the designing – possesses other characteristics. Postmodernism has brought forth, with time, numerous stylistic modes – occurring in parallel. Nowadays, the creator is not limited in her/his options. S/he can decide in a rational way; and also can trust to her/his subconscious and act intuitively. The aforementioned options beget an added value, making the object’s architecture – imparting to its individual features.