Technical Transactions iss. 5. Architecture iss. 1-A

Technical Transactions iss. 5. Architecture iss. 1-A

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Collection items (17)


Functional and spatial differences in historic urban parks in Poland and Great Britain

Kulesza, Piotr, Lubiarz, Magdalena
Article
2016
An important element of the urban landscape are the parks. Although some of them have a historical provenance that they perform an important role in the functioning of modern urban structures and the formation of citizens’ needs. This paper presents the results of research, which was carried out in the period 2013-2015 in three historic parks in Poland and the Great Britain. For the analysis was selected Lloyd Park in London, Prospect Park in Reading and Saxon Garden in Lublin. Within these objects being studied in terms of their functionality and compositional structure. The aim of the study was to compare parks and define their role in the urban landscape.

Urban parks and their value: Cracow examples

Hodor, Katarzyna
Article
2016
This paper presents the history of the construction of urban parks in Krakow in relation to research on the urban development of the settlement. The chronologic emergence of each green space and the importance that they have played in the development of the city, as well as their current state, has been outlined in the paper.

Two parks of Świnoujście – two stories: historical and contemporary

Rzeszotarska-Pałka, Magdalena
Article
2016
In this article the role of two different parks in the composing space of Świnoujście old city will be presented. Świnoujście has got only two city parks, which have very different histories as well as compositional disposition and position within the city space. The first is the Health Resort Park designed by Peter Joseph Lenne which was carefully restored a few years ago and the other second is Chopin Park, which was established in 2012 on the area of an old cemetery.

Assessment of the health of monumental trees growing in a historic park in Zwierzyniec using an acoustic tomograph

Żuraw, Beata, Durlak, Wojciech, Dudkiewicz, Margot, Nowak, Damian
Article
2016
The aim of the study was to assess the state of health of 7 monumental trees which are the remains of gardens by the historic villas date back to the beginning of the 20s of the 20th century. Currently, 2 trees are located in the rightof-way, and the rest of the specimens are protected while as the part of Nature and Culture Landscape Parks, which include gardens in Parkowa Street. PiCUS Sonic Tomograph was used in the research which was based on the method of acoustic tomography, which uses the characteristics of a sound wave generated at the periphery of the trunk, providing information about the state of wood in the cross-section of the trunk. The state of health of 3 trees was rated as good, whereas inside 4 other trees inner cavities were found. It is expected that further development of damage will worsen the static condition of the trees and thus it will constitute a potential threat to the inhabitants of the city. Condition of the tree and thus it will constitute a potential threat to the inhabitants of the city.

The city park as an expression of the needs of society – case study: “The Park at the Balaton” in Warsaw

Zieliński, Miłosz
Article
2016
The aim of this article is to analyse the effects that have been achieved during the design and implementation of the Public Park at the “Balaton” in Warsaw. This case is interesting due to the fact that the process of its design was based on the principles of public participation, with active involvement from professional designers, the local community and the authorities of the district. The large number of visitors to the park stands as a testament to the success of the project and the attractive nature of the area. This example is thus an interesting base for analysis. The article contains a thesis that, when properly carried out, public participation ceases to be a “rotten compromise” (in the context of aesthetics, function, etc.), but allows new physical and social values to be introduced into a space.

The role of parks within the process of urban renewal

Sochacka-Sutkowska, Eliza
Article
2016
This article presents the significance and the renewal capability of urban parks. Both the existing and planned parks may be included in the renewal area although they do not meet the criteria of space deprivation. Nevertheless, they may, to a significant extent, increase the opportunities of endogenous development of the neighbouring crisis areas if they are combined with the parks functionally and spatially. A park investment may be one of the key elements of improving the quality of local inhabitants’ life, but it may also have a strong symbolic impact in fighting with deprivation, answering the social and visual needs of an area.

City park in the space of the city of the 21st century

Pluta, Katarzyna
Article
2016
The paper presents results of the research work concerning connections between the spatial composition of the contemporary solutions of city parks and the spatial structure of cities and their townscape. The scope of the research work includes European cities and other cities in the world, located above all in the temperate climate zone.

The location and role of old walls as green belts in shaping the landscape of towns in the 19th century

Kimic, Kinga
Article
2016
The adaptation of old walls to provide green spaces is characteristic of the 19th century and is related to the process of the expansion of towns with fortified walls. In those times, green spaces were commonly established in place of demolished fortifications, thus becoming an inseparable element of the urban structure of the towns. Points which require further study include their origins and transformations, their characteristic form resulting from their location within towns, composition and major functions. The evaluation of old walls used as green spaces using a spatial and functional approach, and also with reference to their historical and cultural aspects, makes it possible to define their place and role in shaping of the landscapes of towns in the 19th century.

Contemporary threats to historic gardens in Poland

Hodor, Katarzyna
Article
2016
Modern threats to monumental gardens are an important subject, connected with issues of value and protection of cultural and natural heritage. There are noticeable processes of negative transformations or irreversible loss of numerous green areas of historical character. It is visible in statistics regarding the decreasing resource of valuable greenery complexes. The legal regulations for protection of this particular heritage in Polish reality do not bring expected results.

Joseph Paxton’s approach to historical city park design in the 21st century

Fekete, Albert, Sárospataki, Máté, Csonka, Zsófia, Jánoska, Rita Zsófia
Article
2016
It is necessary today to completely re-examine the public parks use, development and design to meet the challenges and claims of the 21st century. With emphasis not just on their heritage and conservation but their potential as well, public parks could contribute not only to the social and recreational life of our urban areas, but also to the enhancement of environmental sustainability and the enrichment of the biodiversity of urban areas. A new design approach would be desirable for the management of our historical green spaces and to encourage a wider range of people to return to them. This paper comments on park use studies, contemporary park use investigations and student design works for parks in the future, using Paxton’s methods/approach/ideas for inspiration in the development of our historic city parks. And examines to what extent Paxton’s design ideas are applicable the 21st century.