Defining the architectural space : rationalistic or intuitive way to architecture : monograph. Vol. 7 = Definiowanie przestrzeni architektonicznej : racjonalistyczna czy intuicyjna droga do architektury : monografia. Vol. 7

Type: Collection of book fragments
Title

Collection items (5)


Building façade – rationalism and intuition in the selection of cladding materials

Tofiluk, Anna
Fragment of a book
2018
Until relatively recently, the architect had a choice. The designer was able to decide whether the wall of the building with which the user has contact should give information about the manner of its construction. The creator could express the truth about the construction and erection of the building or hide it under cladding. Ages, styles as well as trends in architecture approached this issue differently, but at least in theory the artist had a choice.Today, it is very limited. Contemporary rational requirements for energy efficiency are imposed by layered solutions for external walls. This results in leading functions being assigned to each layer. What we see on the façade is usually the cladding that hides the structures and insulation materials. Although there are exceptions to this rule, it can be assumed that rationalism related to energy efficiency and the regulations that follow it limit the freedom of design choices. In the context of these limitations, as well as various other criteria which guide the creator as part of the design process, the decision concerning the choice of facade material for a composite wall seems to be particularly interesting. Is this decision intuitive or rational? What are the reasons for choosing the final solution?

Rational structure – the intuitive play of forces

Tofil, Jolanta
Fragment of a book
2018
Bridges and roofs with a string structure can be included in this group of modern buildings that spectacularly embody the supporting structure. This architecture is an example of model extraction of plastic shapes, revealing the qualities of the material and the play of forces in the exposed structure.Currently, a more accurate knowledge of the actual work of the structure indicates that synthetic moulds are excellent in terms of structural performance. Therefore, the criterion of form authenticity, basic for wire structures, guarantees their artistic value. It can be concluded that buildings in which string structures are used are a case in which the real rationality turns out to be identical to the visual rationality.

Intuition and rationalism in architectural education

Świt-Jankowska, Barbara
Fragment of a book
2018
In the course of our architectural education in the period from infancy to adulthood, we tend to adopt alternating intuitive and rational attitudes. As in the foreign language acquisition process, the ability to use one’s native language is more natural than the use of a “foreign” language acquired through the rational understanding of its rules. At the same time no effort made in the process of mastering the native language (grammar, vocabulary) may lead to its degeneration.Architectural education starts early. The first haptic and olfactory experiences shape the spatial relations to an equal extent as the images and acoustic sensations. A child intuitively learns about space and creates its own individual image of the surrounding world. Further on, school education helps children to rationalise their sensory feelings, to modify their perception of space, to evaluate and co-create it. This article focuses on the issues of architectural education and the specific nature of its acquisition. It, furthermore, poses questions pertaining to the proper methodology thereof and identifies the most urgent threats in this area.

"Science-fiction’ architecture rational and intuitive basis for design decisions

Świerzawski, Jakub
Fragment of a book
2018
Architecture is an interdisciplinary cultural phenomenon. It is influenced byscience and technology, among others, which are used in architecture in a specific way. They inspire architects with new design and execution possibilities. Because of this some structures and forms are similar to the shapes and mechanisms described by science (‘science’). Despite this, it is the architect’s intuition that underlies design decisions. J.H. Mayer’s buildings, for instance the Sarpi Border Checkpoint or the Metropol Parasol in Sevilla, show concepts of seemingly irrational forms (fiction). However, the introduction of a building different from the arranged urban structure can contribute additional value. It is related to prestige, social and ideological aspects. ‘Science-fiction’ architecture shows how knowledge, technology and intuition shape the creation of architecture.

The intriguing story of a certain structure

Sroka-Bizoń, Monika
Fragment of a book
2018
Tensegrity structures are attracting the interest of constructors, architects artists and scientists in many fields of science. The spatial constructions are made of rods and tendons, in which mutual stabilization of the stretched and compressed elements delight in lightness and subtlety of structural elements. Islands of compression in an ocean of tension. Spatial sculptures, or perhaps architectural spatial structures that give the impression of magical objects? Spatial structures floating in the air that are not affected by the force of gravity. The story of their creation and the creation of the theory of them is the essence of the questions – rationalist or intuitive way to architecture?