Defining the architectural space : rationalistic or intuitive way to architecture : monograph. Vol. 1 = Definiowanie przestrzeni architektonicznej : racjonalistyczna czy intuicyjna droga do architektury : monografia. Vol. 1

Type: Collection of book fragments
Title

Collection items (13)


Rationalism or intuition in the age of algorithmic methods of searching for structural forms

Rokicki, Wiesław
Fragment of a book
2018
In designing, it is important to systematize the needs – many of them can be defined and described, but there are also those that are difficult to clearly define. Given the possible diverse views of the same object, it should be objectively recognized that the search for spatial forms, that would suit the user in his physical and metaphysical needs, is a creative process. In striving for the perfect form, architects rely on intuition by referring to known canons of beauty and mathematical rules, and technology and art interrelate interdependently. Modern digital design tools provide new possibilities which enable the use of bionic patterns and help us improve our knowledge about the constructions designed by Nature. Therefore, the question should be asked whether the process of algorithmization of space modelling is cold rationalism or some intuitive way towards architecture.

Pragmatism or emotion? The sources of architectural form

Juzwa, Nina
Fragment of a book
2018
1. The question about the sources of architectural form has been asked for decades and the answer differed depending on the period of time. Nowadays the subject seems to be equally important; however, the answer is still vague.2. In 1997 Charles Jencks held a debate on contemporary architecture. The term ‘ecstatic’ architecture reflecting expressions and emotions was the result of this debate. The symbol of this architectural sensitivity was the 17th century sculpture The Ecstasy of St. Theresa by Lorenco Bernini and the essence of such architecture is the impression of movement and dematerialisation of form. After 20 years, The Manifest is still up-to-date. Let us then imagine two icons of architecture: Dream by Norman Foster as the pragmatic one and the sculpture of Bernini as the emotional one. Both groups of examples would be equally numerous and technically perfect. This distinguished dematerialisation of from is currently a frequent autonomic element in a very pragmatically shaped structure of the object.3. In the process of designing the ability of intuitive transfer of form becomes especially important in the first stage of creating the project – the stage when the idea is born. The picture presenting the creative idea of an architect shows the main idea leading to the implementation of the work. This ability is not given equally to everyone. It is usually called a talent.

Being like Emma Thompson

Gzell, Sławomir
Fragment of a book
2018
The film “Sense and Sensibility” was shown in Poland under the title that could be literally translated as “Reasonable and romantic”. The plot takes us to England at the end of the 18th century and portrays the situation in which the Dashwood ladies, a mother and her three daughters, found themselves in. The older daughter, played by Emma Thompson, is immediately perceived as only the reasonable and pragmatic one. It quickly turns out that this perception of the characters’ roles can be misleading. Such opinion about the duality of the human nature, which leads to intuitive actions immediately followed by the sensible thought, seems quite logical. It can also be transferred to the realm of art, including architecture.

Between rationalism in architecture and poetry

Żychowska, Maria Jolanta
Fragment of a book
2018
Recent years have seen a fashion for reminiscing about the architecture of the second half of the 20th century. It brings back from oblivion all the architectural accomplishments, including the less interesting, but some myths are also created about the past times and opinions about them are often controversial. Reminiscing about the architecture of People’s Poland brings to mind a certain regularity that the present epoch fails to appreciate the relics of its predecessor. We seem to have reached the moment when the architectural achievements of People’s Poland have got appreciation and their relics that survived demolitions and radical transformations will receive due conservator’s protection provided they deserve it, of course.

Rationalistic art framework

Pabich, Marek
Fragment of a book
2018
The architecture of an art museum constitutes the framework for the presentation of art. Although the relation between the exposition and the architectural form has been evolving for the last two centuries, the rationalism of the Age of Enlightenment also had a great impact on the successive architects designing museums. Art, created mostly thanks to the artist’s intuition, can later be unravelled in the realm of a rationally shaped space. The architect designing museums relies not only on the experience of their predecessors but also on the assistance of art curators, who care for the best possible ways of displaying art objects. The discussion on the form of a museum is also joined by artists, who more often than not, unequivocally define their expectations about the display environment surrounding the exhibits.

Plus ratio quam… intuitio

Podhalański, Bogusław
Fragment of a book
2018
The creation of surprising, unobvious architectural forms – is in principle a matter of intuition and talent; it is wonderful, insofar as we understand architecture as something that is drawn. However, when we look at architecture through the prism of the structure of the architectural form, in order to transform this form from drawn architecture into actual architecture: one that is physically tangible, instead of a virtual illusion, an architecture on whose wall we can lean on when we are tired or rest within its shadow, the matter becomes much more complicated. It is serious enough that it requires the involvement of something more than intuition – that which we call reason and experience. For is it not creative when an intuitive sketch turns into a three-dimensional and sometimes timeless form, to which we can sometimes travel great distances in order to verify its obvious non-obviousness in person?

Which way to choose in the adaptive reuse of sacred buildings

Białkiewicz, Andrzej
Fragment of a book
2018
Some objects of sacred architecture which bear witness to our heritage are disused, some are no longer used for their primary purpose and some have been desacralized. Disused objects deteriorate rapidly. It is therefore important to find a way of repurposing them into facilities that would not degrade the historic values or the encoded intangible values testifying to the societies’ religiosity. The optimum solution is to restore the original function to the desacralized buildings. This has proved possible in many cases. However, if this cannot be done, it is important to make an appropriate choice for the object’s new use. Cultural functions that do not interfere with the character of the architecture are much better than the industrial, residential, hotel or catering ones.

Work of Architecture – between intuition and rationalism

Bardzińska-Bonenberg, Teresa
Fragment of a book
2018
The research spanned a dozen or so selected sites considered significant for the development of architecture. They were constructed through a combination of a stroke of creative genius and rational understanding of the available technical resources, and that is also why they survive to this day. They differ in the epoch during which they were erected, the group of people engaged in their establishment as well as the materials and equipment used. Both intuition as well as rational thinking are required to create a ground-breaking building. That is how the oldest vernacular structures and Gothic cathedrals came to be, not to mention the roofing of the Olympic Stadium in Munich or the rustling sun-blinds of the student centre at the University of East Anglia. The architects’ intuition was shaped by the conditions afforded by subsequent epochs. The expanding scope of scientific and technical disciplines used changed the paradigm of modernity. Those engaged in creating modern architecture also operate between an intuitive and rational understanding of problems.

"Feelings and reasons" in the architecture of the city. A lesson from two inner cities

Zuziak, Zbigniew K.
Fragment of a book
2018
It is assumed that the approach presented in this paper could be applicable for comparative studies on the role of the architecture of nodal places centres in the development of the polycentric construction of the city. Following the concepts of rationality in urbanism, outlined by the author in his earlier papers, he focuses is on the connections between the historic centre and other articulations in polycentric urban form. In the model of the urbanistic construction of the city of Krakow, the interpretation of the logic of urban form includes structural and emotional factors affecting the architecture of the city.

Draw because I have to think

Zvi, Hecker
Fragment of a book
2018
The text refers to decoding the meaning of a germinating concept.