Defining the architectural space : rationalistic or intuitive way to architecture : monograph. Vol. 3 = Definiowanie przestrzeni architektonicznej : racjonalistyczna czy intuicyjna droga do architektury : monografia. Vol. 3

Type: Collection of book fragments
Title

Collection items (8)


Imagination or reason – rational and intuitive issues in the work of Daniel Libeskind

Zaguła, Artur
Fragment of a book
2018
The article presents, on the basis of the work of Daniel Libeskind, the interrelations of two thinking orders in architectural design – rational and intuitive. The architect recalled how he came up with the idea of expanding the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto: I had one of those elusive intuitions that are born complete in a moment, and I quickly sketched a few lines and shapes on napkins at the restaurant where I was eating. This one sentence indicates how much of a role he ascribes to the creative process of intuition. Expressive forms of buildings designed by Libeskind clearly indicate that the architect’s intention was to appeal not only to the order of reason, but also to feelings, even metaphysical. On the basis of the Toronto Museum, the relationships between the rational and non-rational factor in the work of the architect was indicated.

Rational intuition in Swedish architecture – between the avant-garde and the revolution

Wojtkun, Grzegorz
Fragment of a book
2018
In the 1920s, apart from two trends in European avant-garde architecture – purist and rationalist, there appeared the third one – functionalist, formulated in the environment of the Swedish avant-garde. All these trends were characterized by an industrial provenance, because they had been tightly bound up – “with the idea of an upturn in social existence, using industrial production”. However, the principles of Swedish functionalism and of the housing were different from those propagated at the international congresses of modern architecture. Moreover, the aesthetic advantages which arise from it were subjected to a social discussion. In this way the economic aspect of functionalist housing architecture was not an obstacle in the way of its intuitive creation – the frugality of means of arts expression and small range of colours became the synonym of progress and they achieved universal recognition in Sweden.

The image of architecture

Słuchocka, Katarzyna
Fragment of a book
2018
Dual perception and creation of architecture falls from the combination of intuitive and rational thinking. A thought, an image, an association based on a sensory and emotional experience, backed up with interdisciplinary research, all exert a multivalent impact upon the architect and their works and influence the quality of architectural forms that infill our daily life context. The sensitivity and insightful perception of the designer counterbalance the skills of mathematical analysis, respect for proportions, technological achievements and capacities, implying the coexistence of spirit and matter expressed through a variety of aspects of architectural structures, often trespassing the boundaries of imagination.

Artistic vision and architecture

Paprzyca, Krystyna
Fragment of a book
2018
One of the most important features connected with people’s attitude is their purposeful character. They solve various problems that are strictly linked to the decision making. The right decision leads to success. Gregor Mendel who as the first intuitively formulated inheritance laws outran, by more than 30 years, scientists who took only rational decisions. In each of the examples thinking was present, which I call intuitive thinking, research K. Bolests – Kukułka [2003] states:It occurred, no rational explanation can describe the phenomenon of the outstanding chess players because what distinguish these people is the particular ease and speed of comprehensive recognition of models of systems on a chessboard and immediate and intuitive reaction to recognized systems. For them the layout on the chessboard was one of the configurations known to them from their experience, i.e. they did not see them as 25 separated figures, but as a comprehensive, recognizable structure”. [ therein page 244] It is clear these are not beginning chess players who use intuition, but the grandmasters of whom there are relatively few in the world.

Woman’s intuitive way to architecture

Olenderek, Joanna
Fragment of a book
2018
Architecture was for a long time only available to men – but was this always true? Aren’t women behind the great successes of “male architecture”? The issue of no women in architecture stems from the patriarchal scenarios which defined culture and nature in western nations. Women were categorized on the side of nature. It was assumed that the architect’s profession is connected to the temperament and psyche of a man. However, at some point, women started to emerge with their architectural passions. Architecture is a mix of constructive precision and humanistic sensitivity. During higher education in Poland, women often make up half of the students, but later? When they can’t make a living from architecture, they turn to designing childrens toys or clothes. In 1999 there were 13.5% of female architects – in 2009 it was 28%. The breakthrough which is taking place – more women pursuing architecture – brings new values through their intuitive approach to this subject.

The intuitive path to architecture and its message broadcast in the public media on the example “Wejchertowie”, a documentary from 1979

Nadolny, Adam
Fragment of a book
2018
I would like, based on the example of the documentary entitled “Wejchertowie”, to analyse the aforementioned topic. The documentary was made in 1979 and its theme focuses on the presentation of the Wejchert spouses working on the design of Nowe Tychy in Poland and its further implementation in a several decade span. I would like to find out how the architecture and the image can become the basis for the ideas propagated among others by Manfredo Tafuri in relation to media coverage of the municipal space and its relation with the intuitive path to architecture.

Aldo Rossi. The logic and invention of the project

Malacarne, Gino
Fragment of a book
2018
Rational architecture represents the choice of a field that seeks to point to a precise direction for research. A disciplinary framework of reference based on theoretical research and design which tend to constitute a rational theory of architectural design where the analytical moment of knowledge is for the project a primary but not definitive point whose results are still unpredictable and are linked to talent and intelligence. Indeed, for Aldo Rossi: The logical construction of architecture is the profession, the theoretical and practical corpus of architecture, but it cannot be identified with the result of the architecture.Architecture is a discipline that can be taught and transmitted but it is absolutely necessary to understand that this is not an applicable method, but an experience that requires logical abilities and imagination on the same plane.

Architecture – a rational or intuitive definition?

Kozłowski, Tomasz
Fragment of a book
2018
Architects, poets and philosophers have tried to create a definition of architecture for a number of years. As happens in the world of art, subsequent epochs ruthlessly negate the work and theories of their predecessors. After a period of rationality and peace, the avantgarde bursts, after functionalism, total expansion. The same applies to the definitions created. Architects are happy to create them and try to prove them rationally. However, it is not always successful, sometimes great creators compromise themselves with trivial definitions. Some are far from reason and science. However, these unusual ones may be the most interesting for us. An example of this is the words of Wolf Prix, the great creator of deconstructivism, who explains our problem simply and incomprehensibly: “Architecture is YES!”. One may have some remarks about his words, but one should remember that the works by Coop Himmelb(l)au are definitely “YES!”.